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青少儿英语指南    2019-03-05 15:52:03



英音 [kleɪm] 美音 [klem]


vt. 声称;断言;需要;索取;

vi. 提出要求;

n. (根据权利而提出的)要求;声称;断言;索赔;


  1. an assertion of a right (as to money or property);

    "his claim asked for damages"

  2. an assertion that something is true or factual;

    "his claim that he was innocent"
    "evidence contradicted the government's claims"

  3. demand for something as rightful or due;

    "they struck in support of their claim for a shorter work day"

  4. an informal right to something;

    "his claim on her attentions"
    "his title to fame"

  5. an established or recognized right;

    "a strong legal claim to the property"
    "he had no documents confirming his title to his father's estate"
    "he staked his claim"

  6. a demand especially in the phrase

    "the call of duty"

  1. assert or affirm strongly; state to be true or existing;

    "He claimed that he killed the burglar"

  2. demand as being one's due or property; assert one's right or title to;

    "He claimed his suitcases at the airline counter"
    "Mr. Smith claims special tax exemptions because he is a foreign resident"

  3. ask for legally or make a legal claim to, as of debts, for example;

    "They claimed on the maximum allowable amount"

  4. lay claim to; as of an idea;

    "She took credit for the whole idea"

  5. take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs;

    "the accident claimed three lives"
    "The hard work took its toll on her"

acclaim v. 称赞;赞扬;向…欢呼;向…喝彩; n. 公开赞扬;称誉; 热烈欢迎或赞同;
claimant n. 原告;索取者;[法]原告,债权;
counterclaim v.& n. 反诉状,索赔;
declaim vt.& vi. (像演讲般)说话; vi. 抨击;(在公共场合)大声抗议;
disclaim vt. 否认;
exclaim vt.& vi. 呼喊;惊叫;大声说;
proclaim vt. 宣告,公布;表明;赞扬,称颂;
quitclaim n. 放弃权利; vt. 放弃合法权利;
reclaim vt. 开拓,开垦;感化;取回;沙化; n. 改造,感化;教化;回收再利用;收回,取回;

claim notices 期刊催缺单,催询通知;
wage claim 提高工资的要求;
bad claim 不良债权;
pay-claim n. (工会的)增加工资的要求;
residual claim 剩余权益;
attendant claim 附带要求;
unliquidated claim 未清偿债务;
legal claim 合法要求;
claim statement 损失索赔清单,起诉状;
recourse claim 行使票据上的追索权;
to claim 辩护;
claim board [法] 索赔委员会;
claim damage [经] 要求赔偿损害;
belated claim [经] 迟索的赔款;
claim letter 要求赔偿书;
claim sheet [医]索赔清单;
claim adjuster [法] 理赔人;
damage claim 损毁索赔,损失索偿;
claim settlement 理赔;索赔;
composite claim 复合求偿;
claim graph [计] 要求图;


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