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青少儿英语指南    2019-03-05 18:28:10



英音 [nɪə(r)] 美音 [nɪr]


adv. (空间)在近处;在附近;(时间)临近;(程度)几乎;

prep. (表示程度)接近;(表示位置)靠近;(表示时间)将近;接近于(某种状态);

adj. 近的;亲密的;近似;(亲属关系)近亲;


  1. not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;

    "near neighbors"
    "in the near future"
    "they are near equals"
    "his nearest approach to success"
    "a very near thing"
    "a near hit by the bomb"
    "she was near tears"
    "she was close to tears"
    "had a close call"

  2. being on the left side;

    "the near or nigh horse is the one on the left"
    "the animal's left side is its near or nigh side"

  3. closely resembling the genuine article;

    "near beer"
    "a dress of near satin"

  4. giving or spending with reluctance;

    "our cheeseparing administration"
    "very close (or near) with his money"
    "a penny-pinching miserly old man"

  5. with or in a close or intimate relationship;

    "a good friend"
    "my sisters and brothers are near and dear"

  6. very close in resemblance;

    "sketched in an approximate likeness"
    "a near likeness"

  1. near in time or place or relationship;

    "as the wedding day drew near"
    "stood near the door"
    "don't shoot until they come near"
    "getting near to the true explanation"
    "her mother is always near"
    "The end draws nigh"
    "the bullet didn't come close"
    "don't get too close to the fire"

  2. (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; all but;

    "the job is (just) about done"
    "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"
    "we're almost finished"
    "the car all but ran her down"
    "he nearly fainted"
    "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"
    "the recording is well-nigh perfect"
    "virtually all the parties signed the contract"
    "I was near exhausted by the run"
    "most everyone agrees"

  1. move towards;

    "We were approaching our destination"
    "They are drawing near"
    "The enemy army came nearer and nearer"

bilinear adj. 双线性的;
colinear adj. 在同一直线上的,同线的; 线性对应的;
collinear adj. (指若干个点)共线的;同线;
curvilinear adj. 曲线的,由曲线而成的;
interlinear adj. 写在行间的,隔一行书写原文和译文的;
linear adj. 直线的,线形的;长度的;<数>一次的,线性的;通过单独的若干阶段来发展;
nearby adj. 在附近的,位于附近的; adv. 附近地,不远地;
nearly adv. 几乎,差不多;险乎;
nearsighted adj. 近视的,浅见的;
nonlinear adj. 非线性的;
rectilinear adj. 直线的,形成直线的; 用直线围着的,有直线的;
trilinear adj. 三线的,包含三条线的,以三条线为界的;
unilinear adj. 始终遵循一条发展道路的,一条路线贯穿始终的,单线的;

near beer n. 淡啤酒;
near thing n. 侥幸脱险;
near stars 邻近星;
near-market adj. 与市场密切相关的;
near miss n. 侥幸脱险,差点出事,几乎发生的事;
come near v. 走近,接近;就;
near escape 九死一生,幸免于难;
near pommel 近环;
near upon adv. 将近;
near here adv. 在附近;
near there 在那附近,不远;
near field 近场;
near order 类似指令;
near delivery 近期交货;
infinitely-near [计] 无穷近的,无限近的;
near-spherical 近似球形,类球状;
near-sonic 近音速;
near astigmatism [医]调节性散光,视近性散光;
near-sightedness 近视眼;
near-field 拟域;
infinitely near 无穷近;
near cash [经] 类现金;